Championing the low-pressure sodium (SOX/LPS) lamp.

Introduction - Advantages - How to buy (new & second-hand) - Resources - Your views

SOX streetlight in Wrexham, U.K. SOX lamp warming up from cold

Left: Thorn Beta 5 (35W) in Wrexham, May 2004. Middle - GEC Z9454 warming up. Right: M60 motorway near Manchester, U.K., August 2018, reproduced with permission from Callum Fraser.

Low-pressure sodium lamps (SOX or LPS lamps) are destinctive for shining with a golden yellow light, as shown in the photo on the left. They are also an energy source with very high energy efficiency. They have several applications but are most commonly used in streetlighting - in fact they have been used in streetlighting in the United Kingdom and in various places around the world since the 1930s. However, they can also be used in science laboratories, security lighting, or simply as a novel lighting source. Its yellow light is caused by the sodium that is used within the lamp. When the light switches on, it glows red, and slowly warms up to yellow over the course of a few minutes, as shown in the sequence of photos below.


Although many areas of the UK still use SOX lighting on streets and other roads, it is now in decline, often a victim of misinformation about its merits and drawbacks. A SOX light in fact has many advantages:

1. As mentioned above, SOX lights are very efficient in their use of energy.
2. They are more effective in rain, fog and snow as the light does not become blurred by passing through raindrops etc.
3. High contrast recognition: Although the colour rendering of a low-pressure sodium lamp is poor, the contrast between light and dark is very good.
4. It has a relatively low operating temperature, meaning it can be used with cheaper components.
5. The light pollution it causes is easier for astronomers to filter out because the light is monochromatic.
6. It is good for tunnel lighting as the elongated lamps may be aligned end-to-end to produce a continuous line of light, eliminating any stroboscopic effect.
7. The SOX lamp can be operated on low-cost electrical control gear.
8. SOX lamps do not require a cooling-down time before they switch back on.
9. They are easier to service than other lamp types.
10. Yellow is a cheerful colour of light and can help to combat the winter blues.
11. It can be disposed of without concern for some of the toxic materials found in some types of lamp such as mercury.
12. The amber/yellow colour of SOX light is easy to distinguish from white car headlights or red tail lights. Therefore it is easier to distinguish between an approaching car and a static streetlight during night-time driving.

13. There is evidence that SOX lights are less likely to attract insects than other types of light.

How to buy

Brand new SOX tubes and parts

1. QS Lighting is a company dedicated to making SOX lamp tubes in all sizes from 18W to 180W, as well as control gear (ballasts, igniters etc.). However, as yet (Nov 2022) they only sell directly to wholesalers. Free samples are apparently available for museums and universities:
2. SOX lamp tubes in a variety of sizes are also available through Tonhi. For example, the 35-watt version is at:
3 . VU Tubes in the Netherlands, who apparently supply wattages in addition to what is advertised:
4 The Italian-based Outlet dell' Elettrico, who are apparently also on eBay. It seems that all SOX lamps from 18W to 135W are available:
5. Also from Italy: Lampada
Note that their UK website is SOX tubes available (SOX, SOX-E, SOX-PSG) plus ballasts - any size from 18W to 180W
Please note that the above notes and links are a guide only: for example, the companies concerned may offer other products besides those that I have listed. Thanks are due to Fabio Locatelli for his information.

Buying second-hand: Here are a few suggestions ...

1. A council who is taking SOX lamps out of service may be willing to pass them on, subject to their discretion. This option is more likely to be applicable in the UK or in other areas where SOX/LPS exists.
2. SOX streetlight enthusiasts are often willing to sell, buy or exchange lanterns. Many of them have their own websites. In the UK there is an Association of Streetlighting Enthusiasts (UKASTLE) - their website is
3. Ebay often has lanterns, lamp tubes and some other accessories for sale. A quick search for "SOX lanterns" in Nov 2022 revealed a good range of second-hand lanterns available.


My new book, "Why SOX Lights?", was published in May 2021, an update of "Why Is He Interested In Street Lights?" (1st edition 2005, 2nd edition 2007). It can be bought via Amazon and Waterstones.

My 28-minute video documentary, "SOX Lighting - A Twilight Saga", which I filmed in January/February 2018. It is available in the viewing window below (if ActiveX controls are enabled in your browser), and is also available on YouTube at - note that this is now a new version (as of March 2020) with improved audio for the 'advantages' scene

I have created a SOX streetlight simulator, using Microsoft Excel, of evening lighting-up time with 20 SOX streetlights, with the user being able to adjust the settings. This simulator is called Soxtown - please see the Soxtown page or the image below.

There are many more excellent photos of streetlights available at UKASTLE (the UK Association of Streetlighting Enthusiasts) - please visit

Soxtown - SOX streetlights simulatorFinally, below are a few links to other websites ... (Claire Pendrous) (Martyn Hicks) (Simon Cornwell) (French-language site)

All content on this website © Matthew Eagles 2005-2022 unless otherwise specified. Last updated 27th November 2022.

Your views

I would very much welcome your views on any aspect of SOX streetlighting, so please feel free to contact me. Please use the 'Contact' link in the navigation bar, or click here.